Fire protection and safety is a crucial task for anyone managing a hotel. In order to ensure the safety of a hotel, it’s essential that adequate fire prevention measures are actually in place and that enough fire safety training is provided to each employee.
Regularly inspected fire protection systems is an important part of a fire safety plan, it is also critical that any fire protection equipment on site is regularly serviced so that it’s maintained in proper working order and prepared when needed. Hotel owners have a responsibility to implement fire protection to guarantee compliance and a high level of protection against fire.
Steps in Implementing Fire Protection:
1. Carry Out a Fire Safety Risk Assessment
The starting point for implementing fire protection is actually an extensive fire risk assessment, so in case you have not done so already, start by carrying one out. The risk assessment ought to find fire dangers and rate them in terms of high, moderate and low-risk.
For example, hotel kitchen will be regarded as a high-risk area. At-risk persons must additionally be identified. For every risk you recognize, a scheme must be in place to eliminate (if possible), reduce and protect people from that risk.
2. Install a Fire Detection and Warning System
In case a fire can’t be avoided, steps must be set in place in order to identify one quickly must it occur, also to warn individuals in the hotel that there is a fire.
For a hotel, a detection, as well as warning system, must be a network of smoke detectors connected to clear alarms in most occupied areas of the building of yours, including private hotel rooms. Numerous hotels opt to link their alarms straight to the nearby fire brigade so that instant notification could be offered.
3. Provide Escape Routes and Fire Doors
Every floor must have the ideal selection of fire doors, fire evacuation routes posted in each room with clearly marked escape evacuation routes from all areas. High-risk areas need to have correspondingly quick escape routes to allow quick evacuation.
Fire exits should lead a secure place outside the building. Places in danger of fire must also have heavy, fireproof doors which may be closed after evacuation to stop the spread of fire.
4. Install Emergency Lighting Along Escape Routes
Whenever a fire is actually detected, it’s often great practice to shut down non-essential systems which may be harmed by fire or even make one even worse. Or perhaps, in other instances, a fire itself could cause the electrics in the building to fall short.
It’s your responsibility to make certain that there is adequate emergency lighting making certain emergency routes as well as fire exits are properly lit. This is particularly crucial in places where there is little or perhaps no natural light, like the hotel corridors.
5. Allocate Safe Muster Points for Employees and Guests
Fire protection must include places outside the hotel adequate to accommodate all of the building’s occupants, properly eliminated from any hazard. These are going to be your muster points where individuals will congregate if the fire alarm sounds.
Based on the dimensions of your number and establishment of guests you might need several muster points. For a little hotel it can be enough to get simply two; one for guests and one for employees.
6. Provide Appropriate Firefighting Equipment
For every 200m² of floor space, you should provide a water (red) fire extinguisher. Additional firefighting equipment should be supplied at other relevant points. For instance, if cooking oil (Class F) fires are a risk in your kitchen, you should install wet chemical (yellow) fire extinguishers.
Carbon dioxide (black) or powder (blue) fire extinguishers should be provided where there is a risk of electric or gas fire. You may also have to include supplementary equipment, such as fire blankets in the vicinity of the fire hazard, for instance, the kitchen.
7. Train Employees and Appoint Fire Safety Officers
All employees should be trained in fire safety procedures, which includes vigilance, how to raise an alarm, how you can fight fires, and the way to evacuate the structure. You ought to additionally appoint ‘Competent Persons’ as Fire Safety Officers with particular duties.
Some should be responsible for evacuating guests, others for securing the structure and closing down at the electrics, others for doing a roll call at the muster points, etc. Frequent fire drills, as well as education sessions, must be completed with your duty managers so that all employees are actually clear on what they should do in the event of a fire.
Fire action notices must be clearly displayed so employees and guest know what actions to have in the event that a fire is actually discovered, these are generally situated adjacent Manual Call Points and in every hotel room. Every fire escape routes must have ample signage showing the escape path through probably the shortest available route.
9. Service & Maintenance
You have to make sure all current equipment is actually stored in working order and examined at frequent times by a skilled individual, one of the ways of achieving this is by utilizing a third party accredited business to hold out the checks.
The safety of your employees and guests depends on taking quick action when a fire occurs. For complete peace of mind for your hotel’s fire safety, it is best to hire a professional who is trained and experienced in such competencies. Implementing fire protection is a huge responsibility.